The Wandering Mind

The Samaritans

Posted in Old Testament,Religious History by wandren on 12 June 2009

From Wikipedia:  “The Samaritans (Hebrewשומרונים‎ ShomronimArabicالسامريون‎ as-Saamariyun) are a religious group of the Levant.  Religiously, they are the adherents to Samaritanism, a parallel but separate religion to Judaism or any of its historical forms.  Based on the Samaritan Torah, Samaritans claim their worship is the true religion of the ancient Israelites prior to the Babylonian Exile, preserved by those who remained in the Land of Israel, as opposed to Judaism, which they assert is a related but altered and amended religion brought back by the exiled returnees.

Ancestrally, they claim descent from a group of Israelite inhabitants who have connections to ancient Samaria from the beginning of the Babylonian Exile up to the beginning of theCommon Era.  The Samaritans, however, derive their name not from this geographical designation, but rather from the Hebrew term שַמֶרִים (Šāmĕrı̂m), “Keepers [of the Law]”.[2] In the Talmud, a central post-exilic religious text of Judaism, their claim of ancestral origin is disputed, and in those texts they are called Kuthim (Hebrewכותים‎), allegedly from the ancient city of Kutha, geographically located in what is today Iraq. Modern genetics has suggested some truth to both the claims of the Samaritans and Jewish accounts in the Talmud.[3]

From “The Samaritans: The Earliest Jewish Sect” by James Alan Montgomery, 1907:”  “…the Samaritans appear as nothing else than a Jewish sect.  The one essential difference between them and Judaism is that their cult centres on Gerizim, not on Zion…  It is unnecessary to expatiate here upon the original differences between the North and the South in the matter of religion.  These differences have been too much exaggerated; northern Israel has been condemned because orthodox Juda has written the history.  But a comparison need only be made between the two great prophets who preached the fall of their respective states, Hosea and Jeremia, in order to make it clear that while in both kingdoms there was a spiritual remnant, incarnated in those respective prophets and their partisans, religious and moral degeneracy marked the South at the end of the Vllth Century B. C. as luridly as it stains the pages of the last days of the northern kingdom a century before.”

The Moundbuilders

Posted in Mormonism,Old Testament,Religious History by wandren on 10 June 2009

Although it is generally believed that the funeral mounds found largely in the Ohio and Mississippi River Valleys were built by Native American Indians, considering the plausible evidence* that today’s Native American Indians are descended from the Lost Tribes of Israel, I don’t see a conflict between the conventional opinions and the oft-dismissed theories of older mound-builder cultures; just because a belief is widely-held, doesn’t mean it’s true – none of the experts believed the city of Troy was real until they excavated it.  I fail to see how the “alternative” theories about the Moundbuilders is so reviled by mainstream thought because they are, at the root, the same.

Ancestry of the Indo-European Languages

Ancestry of the Indo-European Languages

In 1820, Caleb Atwater (an Ohio postmaster), the first person to conduct an extensive study of the mounds, “cited the presence of Old World mounds from Wales to Russia, and brought the Mound Builders to America via Asia, the Bering Strait, and Alaska.   The migration had occurred long ago, he says, ‘as early as the days of Abraham and Lot.’   After building the humble earthen heaps in Ohio, though, the Mound Builders had begun gradually to move south, gaining in skill all the while, until they reached Mexico.  This can be seen in the line of mounds that, Atwater says, ‘continue all the way into Mexico, increasing indeed in size, number, and grandeur, but preserving the same forms.’”

Which is more likely?  That cultures all over the world developed similar rituals separately, or that they all share the same root, and branched-out from there?  Atwater’s hypothesis that the Moundbuilders gained skill and sophistication as they moved southward into Mexico is in perfect alignment with the linguistic and DNA evidence proving that Native Americans migrated southward from Alaska – whether they crossed the Bering Straights or sailed from Polynesia is still debated, but that they moved southward is not.

* See the Holy Stones of NewarkDecalogue of Los Lunas, Lamanai, The Olmecs, and the The Mesechs.

Holy Stones in New Jersey

Posted in Mormonism,Old Testament,Religious History by wandren on 10 June 2009

Like the Decalogue Stone of Los Lunas, NM, several inscribed stones found in a burial mound in Newark, New Jersey suggest a Jewish presence in ancient North America.

Although the authenticity of these finds is suspect, the stone cups and bowls some of them were found with are consistent with Jewish rituals prior to the destruction of the second Temple in 70 A.D., a period known as the “Jewish Stone Age,” which is very unlikely to have been known by the discoverers of these objects in the 1860s.

“…in the late Second Temple period, the Pharisees ordained that observant Jews should ritually rinse their hands with pure water before eating, and that in order to be pure, the water had to come from a pure vessel. Pottery might be impure, but stone was always pure.  The result was a brief “Israeli Stone Age,” during which there flourished an industry of making stone teacups to pour the water from and stone jugs to store it in.   After the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD, this practice quickly disappeared.”  Magen

Decalogue Stone in New Mexico

Posted in Mormonism,Old Testament,Religious History by wandren on 10 June 2009

If genuine, the Hebrew-Greco inscription in this 80-ton boulder in Los Lunas, New Mexico, also called “The Mystery Stone,” alludes to the possibility of Semitic influence on the ancient North American Continent.

“The inscription uses Greek tau, zeta, delta, eta, and kappa (reversed) in place of their Hebrew counterparts taw, zayin, daleth, heth, and caph, indicating a Greek influence, as well as a post-Alexandrian date, despite the archaic form of aleph used. The letters yodh, qoph, and the flat-bottomed shin have a distinctively Samaritan form, suggesting that the inscription may be Samaritan in origin.”

Called a “Decalogue” because it is an abbreviated version of the Ten Commandments, some believe it may be Samaritan because unlike the Jews, who printed the Decalogue on a small scroll and placed it at the entrance to a house, the Samaritans were known for carving their Mezuzot (decalogues) into stone and placing them at the entrances to properties or synagogues.

This is significant because the Samaritans, who were wealthy shipowners in Greece, underwent severe persecution and execution by Emperor Justinian in the sixth century for not being Christian; this may have prompted some of them to seek refuge on another continent, leading us to the theories that the “Lost Tribes of Israel” colonized the Americas.

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Lamanai, Belize: Indian Church

Posted in Mormonism,Religious History,The Ancients by wandren on 10 June 2009

I didn’t know about Lamanai until recently watching an episode of “Cities of the Underworld” that talked about how it is the only Mayan ruin to retain its ancient name.  This caught my attention because of its similarity to a group of people mentioned in the Book of Mormon called the “Lamanites.”  The episode can be watched on Hulu.  The segment on Lamanai starts at the 20-minute mark (second dot).

“Though the locale is generally known in Belize as Indian Church, a name apparently coined in the early 19th century, Lamanai is in fact one of the very few Maya sites for which the ancient name is recorded. It appears on a church list of 1582, and the site was visited and very sketchily described by Fathers Bartolome de Fuensalida and Juan de Orbita in 1618.”  Pendergast

And behold, the city of Laman, and the city of Josh, and the city of Gad, and the city of Kishkumen, have I caused to be burned with fire, and the inhabitants thereof, because of their wickedness in casting out the prophets, and stoning those whom I did send to declare unto them concerning their wickedness and their abominations.”  3rd Nephi 9:10

“That portion of the monument found in situ, which included the feet of the personage depicted, bore evidence of fire damage on the front and sides, manifest in blackening and crazing of the stone and the loss of some areas of carving from spalling.  The plaster floor was also calcined in the immediate vicinity of the stela base, and the lower portion of the room wall behind the monument was blackened.  Clearly, a fire of considerable intensity was responsible for the breakup of the monument.  It also was probably responsible for the destruction of those portions of the carving that remain missing.” Pendergast

Emesh and Enten aka Cain and Abel

Posted in Mythology,Old Testament,The Ancients by wandren on 2 March 2008
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I thought you might find interest in this Sumerian tale of two brothers, Emesh (Cain) and Enten (Abel) being farmer of the gods. Rather than this story ending with Cain murdering Abel in jealousy, they reconciled.

Enten caused the ewe to give birth to the lamb, the goat to give birth to the kid,
Cow and calf he caused to multiply, much fat and milk he caused to be produced,
In the plain, the heart of the wild goat, the sheep, and the donkey he made to rejoice,
The birds of the heaven, in the wide earth he had them set up their nests.
The fish of the sea, in the swampland he had them lay their eggs,
In the palm-grove and vineyard he made to abound honey and wine,
The trees, wherever planted, he caused to bear fruit,
The furrows . . .,
Grain and crops he caused to multiply,
Like Ashnan (the grain goddess), the kindly maid, he caused strength to appear.

Emesh brought into existence the trees and the fields, he made wide the stables and sheepfolds,
In the farms he multiplied the produce,
The . . . he caused to cover the earth,
The abundant harvest he caused to be brought into the houses, he caused the granaries to be heaped high.

Emesh apparently felt like his work was more important than Enten’s, and that he should be given the title of “farmer of the gods” and became irreverent, which is why his (Emesh-Cain’s) offering to the gods was rejected.

(Enlil is the air-god who “caused the good day to come forth,” developed the notion that the earth should bring forth seed, and be prosperous; he fashioned the prototype agricultural implements, the pickax and plow. Enki is the water god (Jesus) who organized the earth and decreed the fates of Sumer, Ur and Meluhha. Ashnan is the grain goddess, and Laha is the cattle-god, sent from heaven to earth to make abundant its cattle and grain.)

Enlil answers Emesh and Enten:
“The life-producing water of all the lands, Enten is its ’knower,’
As farmer of the gods he has produced everything,
Emesh, my son, how dost thou compare thyself with Eaten, thy brother?”
The exalted word of Enlil whose meaning is profound,
The decision taken, is unalterable, who dares transgress it!

Emesh bent the knees before Enten,
Into his house he brought . . ., the wine of the grape and the date,
Emesh presents Enten with gold, silver, and lapis lazuli,
In brotherhood and friendship, happily, they pour out libations,
Together to act wisely and well they determined.
In the struggle between Emesh and Enten,
Enten, the steadfast farmer of the gods, having proved greater than Emesh,
. . . O father Enlil, praise!


Posted in Dictionary,Dispensationalism,Etymology,Religious History,Temples by wandren on 3 October 2007

As a temple is typically regarded as a building, I doubted that the word Worship could have been a vessel (work-ship), because it doesn’t make any sense that a ship would be placed inside a building, but after looking-up the word temple in my 1975 edition of Webster’s New Twentieth Century Dictionary, I see that it originally meant “a part cut off and set apart for religious purposes.”

…So, a temple could be a bare piece of land, and a carrier vessel (as in aircraft, space craft, or inter-dimensional craft) could be built on that land.

I find it very interesting that the word temple is also used to describe the soft spots on either side of the head, just behind the eyes. My 1975 dictionary states that the word temple, in this sense, originates from the Latin word tempora, meaning “the right place, the fatal spot.”

“Know ye not that YE ARE the temple of God, and that THE SPIRIT OF GOD dwelleth in you?” (1 Corintihians 3:16)

Please visit Tony Badillo‘s site for a very interesting discussion about King Solomon’s Temple being a symbolic representation of man, in which the Holy of Holies is inside the head of man.

Part of Jesus’ mission was to help us move from an infant’s understanding of basic physical laws (warm and cold, dark and light, soft and hard) to a higher/deeper understanding of God’s laws within our hearts and minds; dispensationalism often describes each “dispensation” as a phase, building or expanding on the principles given in prior dispensations.


Posted in Books and Book-Making,Dictionary,Etymology,Mormonism,Religious History by wandren on 3 October 2007

Current interpretations, dating to about 1200 – 1300 C.E., define worship as “the reverent love and devotion accorded a deity, an idol, or a sacred object.” …But does the current attribution of meaning for the word worship jive with the meaning attributed to the word in its ancient form?

The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word Worship comes from the Anglo/Saxon wurð/weorð, meaning ‘worth,’ and scip/scipe, meaning ‘ship.’

Worth, also according to the OED, means “equal in value to,” “to come to be,” or “to become, be, to befall.”

My 1975 Webster’s New Twentieth Century Dictionary indicates that the word Worship derives from the Middle English worschip (also spelled weor), which may be related to weorc, the Old English word for Work.

Interestingly, the OED states that as a suffix, -ship/-scip means a state, or “condition of being,” or “to create, ordain, appoint,” further referring to shape (verb), meaning “to create, form, destine.”

According to the Free Dictionary, the word Ship, as a noun, describes, a sailing vessel, aircraft or spacecraft.


Human Wildlife

Posted in Books and Book-Making,Cleansing,Mythology,Religious History by wandren on 11 September 2007

While searching for a manual for my Wheat Grass Juicer, I came across an e-book called “Diagnosis Unknown.” This book is written by the husband of a woman whose illness odyssey took them from having complete faith in the American medical system to disillusionment, as they tried desperately to find the cure for a disabling condition that kept her teetering on the edge of life for two years, as she was handed-off from one doctor to another.

While the story itself is very moving, it touches on many subjects, including the overuse of antibiotics, colon cleansing, candidiasis (systemic candida infections), dust mites, and chiropractic care – and I’m only on page 59 of 252!

As I left the book to run some errands, IColon Cleanse couldn’t help but feel sick to my stomach, since I still feel crampy and clogged from last night’s bout with Irritable Bowel Syndrome, and just yesterday, I finished reading a book called “The Judas Strain.” It’s no coincidence that I stumbled-upon this book (Diagnosis Unknown).

The author of “Diagnosis Unknown,” Randy Smith describes, with enough detail to sicken, what came out his and his wife’s bowels while practicing a form of colonics called (I think) colemics, which is a blended form of the words colonics and enema. I’ve seen pictures of large convoluted plastic-looking things people claimed to have excreted from the bowel through various cleansing regimes, but since those authors always had something to sell, I didn’t place much credibility on them – but now, having combined Mr. Smith’s words with those photos, I feel ill, imagining what lies inside me.


Who Were the Maya?

Posted in Mormonism,Religious History,The Ancients by wandren on 11 September 2007


“In his book, Remedy the Frauds in Hinduism, historian Kuttikhat Purushothoma Chon mentioned the Siberian origin of the Mayans. “Maya architects are mentioned in our epic Mahabharata. Maya people are in Siam and East Asia. There is a place called Mayyavad in Kerala. The Uttar Pradesh people have the meaning of Mayya as mother in phrases like ‘Ganga ki Mayya.’ There is a vast area in Russian East Siberia as well as a river by name Maya.” (p. 28.)

The Cologne Sanskrit Lexicon defines the Maya as mathematicians (measurers), astronomers, military strategists, magicians, wise-men, and builders. Our Mesoamerican Mayans definitely fit this description.

The Olmecs or Olman were the first civilization in Meso-America. Although there are abundant physical and linguistic artifacts of their existence, only the Nahuatl-speaking tribes and the Mayans knew something about the Olmecs or Olman as a people. For certain, we know that they were Turks because Olmak and Olman are the Turkish names for Adam. Perhaps they called themselves thusly because they were the first inhabitants of Mexico.

[Right: Artist’s idea of what the ancient Olmec city of La Venta looked like.] The Olmecs supposedly entered Western Mexico in boats, crossing the then navigable Isthmus of Tehuantepec. They first settled on the east coast of Veracruz by the river Papaloapan. The Nahuatl-speaking people couldn’t pronounce “B.” Papaloapan was probably Babalu-apan (Babylonian Crossing).

The Olmecs’ Zikhari (Temple Mounts) were similar to those of the Sumerian Zigurrats and with virtually the same name: Zicualli and Zacualli. Because the Nahuatl tribes couldn’t say “L,” it was probably a dialectical version of Zigurrat: Zicuari.

People are surprised to see stone images of elephants in Mayan country, such as the following one in Copan. It may be a reminder of the elephants in India.

[Right: Stone etching of a Hindu mahout, complete with turban, riding on the head of an elephant.] Some authorities, who do not agree with me that the Mayans came from abroad, think Southern Mexico once had elephants. The truth is that they worshiped a long-nosed god (Chac) or elephant, just as the Hindu Tamils worshiped the elephant-headed Ganesha in India.

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